- HPV vaccine prevents infection with HPV types associated with many cancers (cervical, vaginal & vulvar, anal, throat, penile) and genital warts.
- Approved for ages 9-26, males & females.
- Should be given as a 2 dose series, with the doses separated by 6-12 months.
- If series is started at age 15 or later, give a 3 dose series (2nd dose 1-2 months after 1st, 3rd 6 months after 1st)
For Your Patients:
From the CDC’s Pinkbook:
Anogenital HPV infection is believed to be the most common sexually transmitted infection in the United States. An estimated 79 million persons are infected, and an estimated 14 million new HPV infections occur annually with half of these in persons 15-24 years.
Infection with low-risk, or nononcogenic types of HPV, such as types 6 and 11, can cause benign or low-grade cervical cell abnormalities, genital warts and laryngeal papillomas.
High-risk HPV types are detected in 99% of cervical cancers. Type 16 is the cause of approximately 50% of cervical cancers worldwide, and types 16 and 18 together account for about 70% of cervical cancers. Infection with a high-risk HPV type is considered necessary for the development of cervical cancer, but by itself it is not sufficient to cause cancer because the vast majority of women with HPV infection do not develop cancer.
In addition to cervical cancer, HPV infection is also associated with anogenital cancers less common than cervical cancer, such as cancer of the vulva, vagina, penis and anus. The association of genital types of HPV with non-genital cancers is less well established, but studies support a role for these HPV types in some oropharyngeal cancers.
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HPV VACs Partner Newsletter – April 2017
HPV Vaccination Report: Delaware, March 2017
MMWR: Use of a 2-Dose Schedule for HPV Vaccination – Updated Recommendations of the ACIP, December 2016
You Call The Shots, Module 8: HPV, updated February 2017
You are the key to HPV Cancer Prevention, updated April 2016
Talking to Parents about HPV Vaccine
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